Last Updated:

proposal

Sebastian Reimer

We have proposed a ready-to-enact EU law - the so called "Anti-Extremism-Directive" - to the European Commission to tackle rising extremism within the EU.

Read / Download the German version (PDF) and the English version (PDF) or browse more comfortably the English version here:

 

  1. This Directive lays down rules on the prevention of the support of extremism, to ensure the functioning of the internal market also in the future.
  2. To this end it is necessary, that
    1. the values, as laid down in Article 2 TEU,
    2. the ideological and religious neutrality of the public sector,
    3. the primacy of man-made law and public authorities as well as
    4. the freedom of sciefinancnce
    remain unimpaired, so that the essential prerequisites of non-violence and mutual trust for the functioning of the internal market are further continued also in the future.
  3. This Directive prevents the supports of extremism and thus ensures the functioning of the internal market also in the future, in particular
    1. through the exclusion of supporters of extremism from influential positions of public life;
    2. by excluding supporters of extremism from all kind of benefits;
    3. through the implementation of a European Internal Market Label, that allows for transparency regarding full observance of the rights, principles and freedoms as laid down in paragraph 2 throughout the entire value chain, in a way easy to understand, especially for consumers;
    4. through the establishment of a monitoring system for the awarding of a European Internal Market Label;
    5. through specific and effective disclosure obligations;
    6. through effective remedies and penalties against supporters of extremism.
  1. This Directive applies to the support of extremism as laid down in Article 4(5).
  2. This Directive shall not apply to
    1. activities, which fall outside the scope of Union law as well as
    2. the activity of political parties, represented in the European Parliament or in national parliaments.
  3. This Directive is without prejudice to:
    1. Directive 2000/31/EC and especially the provisions of Article 12 to 15 of this Directive concerning the liability of intermediary service providers;
    2. Regulation (EU) 2015/847 on information accompanying transfers of funds;
    3. Directive (EU) 2015/849 on the prevention of the use of the financial system for the purposes of money laundering or terrorist financing;
    4. Directive (EU) 2016/2102 on the accessibility of the websites and mobile applications of public sector bodies.
  1. This Directive applies to all actions in support of extremism and taken within the European Union, which may pose threats to the good functioning and the existence of the internal market also in the future.
  2. This Directive is also applicable, if the actions in support of extremism are taken outside the territory of the European Union, but are aimed at the destruction or limitation of the rights, principles and freedoms provided for in Article 1(2) within the European Union and to a greater extent than foreseen in the Charter.

For the purposes of this Directive, the following definitions apply:

  1. ‘financers’ means payers according to Article 3(3) of the Regulation (EU) 2015/847;
  2. ’non-profit organisations’ means all institutions, irrespective of their legal form, serving public interests in a broader sense;
  3. ‘entities obliged to provide publication details’ means all natural and legal persons as well as other bodies, that have a postal address in the territory of the European Union and a website, which is accessible within the territory of the European Union;
  4. ‘supporters of extremism’ means natural and legal persons as well as other bodies, who support extremism or who do not distance themselves from other supporters of extremism upon request by the competent authority, at least criminal and terroristic organisations;
  5. ‘support of extremism’ means all actions, which aim at destructing or limiting the rights, principles and freedoms according to Article 1(2) to a greater extent than foreseen in the Charter and thus threating the functioning of the internal market in the future, whereat support of extremism is considered in any case, if intentionally
    1. the actions according to Article 1(1)(a) of the Council Framework Decision 2008/913/JHA are demanded in a way perceptible by public or taken against a group or a member of a group as defined in Article 1(1)(a) of the Council Framework Decision 2008/913/JHA, whereat for purposes of this Directive also the gender and sexual orientation are regarded a criteria according to Article 1(1)(a) of the Council Framework Decision 2008/913/JHA;
    2. the destruction and limitation of the rights and freedoms of people granted to them by the Charter, is demanded in a way perceptible by public or carried out, due to these people being part of a group defined in (a) and to a greater extent than foreseen in the Charter;
    3. the expulsion or displacement of people is demanded in a way perceptible by public or carried out, due to these people being part of a group defined in (a);
    4. the destruction or limitation of the ideological and religious neutrality in the public sector to a greater extent than foreseen in the Charter, is demanded in a way perceptible by public or carried out;
    5. the destruction, limitation or general rejection of the primacy of man-made law or public authorities, is demanded in a way perceptible by public or carried out;
    6. the destruction or limitation of rights, principles and freedoms according to Article 1(2) and to a greater extent than foreseen in the Charter, is demanded in a way perceptible by public or carried out;
    7. third parties are affected unlawfully in exercising their Citizens’ rights and Justice as laid down in the Charter, due to these people being part of a group defined in (a);
    8. the introduction of physical punishment, in particular the death penalty, is demanded in a way perceptible by public or carried out;
    9. people are intimidated, threatened, assaulted or have their property damaged by criminal offences, due to
      1. being part of a group defined in (a) or
      2. their activities as accredited experts;
    10. calling for infringements of legal provisions, that are at least fined with a financial penalty, as well as offering material incentives or compensations for such infringements;
    11. committing terroristic acts, other criminal offences relating to terrorism or acts for financing terrorism;
    12. committing voluntary acts of war, without being part of a regular army of a Member State, aiming at the destruction or limitation of rights, principles and freedoms according to Article 1(2) and to a greater extent than foreseen in the Charter;
    13. excluding people from educational and integration measures, especially through
      1. public provocations to reject educational and integration measures without giving factual reasons for this rejection;
      2. criminal offences to negatively influence their motivation;
    14. impairing people’s choice of political position, of belief, of religion, of gender, of sexual orientation, of citizenship, of appearance, of partners, of social environment, of education and training or profession, by criminal offences;
    15. recruiting people in an aggressive manner to participate in ideological or religious foundations, associations or any other bodies or hindering people from leaving such institutions;
    16. supporting other supporters of extremism, especially
      1. through public appearance, also by linking to websites, or
      2. by providing all kind of media contents, as someone being responsible for the content, which positively highlight actions of other supporters of extremism or using their symbols or
      3. through de-facto cooperation or
      4. the exchange of information or
      5. by refraining from publicly perceptible dissociation, after the public performance has created the reasonable appearance in the support of other supporters of extremism or in the support of extremism or
      6. by refraining from publicly perceptible dissociation from contracted people, after their first support of extremism, or by refraining from separation from contracted people, after any further support of extremism by them,
      7. although it was known or could reasonably have been known, that the supported persons or bodies had been supporters of extremism;
    17. taking financial actions for the support of extremism;
    18. conducting payments
      1. to supporters of extremism or
      2. relating to the support of extremism
      3. in a way that is not compliant to the provisions of Regulation (EU) No. 2015/847;
    19. inviting, instigating or coercing people to support extremism, especially by participating in the actions laid down in point (a) to (r), as for example in terroristic acts according to point (k) or in acts of war according to point (l) or contributing in another way to the support of extremism.
  6. ‘national contact points’ means the offices nominated by the Member State according to Article 5(1).
  7. ‘competent authority’ means the authorities and offices, undertaking the obligations laid down in this Directive according to the legal system of the Member State.
  1. Every Member State appoints one or more national contact points for a cross-border defence of negative effects of extremisms for the internal market and informs the Commission about names and contact details of those contact points. The Commission and the Member States publish that information. The national contact points facilitate the exchange of information according to this Directive and closely work together with each other and the Commission, especially regarding Article 20.
  2. The Member States take the necessary actions to ensure that supporters of extremism, registered in the warning list according to Article 13
    1. are provided neither with
      1. subsidies according to Annex A No 4.30 of the Regulation (EU) No 549/2013 nor
      2. capital transfers according to Annex A No 4.1.45 of the Regulation (EU) No 549/2013 from public resources and
    2. are not allowed to hold a public position.
  3. Each Member State shall take the necessary measures to ensure that supporters of extremism are not financed by public funds for the purpose of making decisions, that
    1. could have impacts on a big number of persons, like for example in legislation or related areas or
    2. could have long term and intensive impacts on just several persons, like for example in the area of education.
  4. The Member States ensure, that the cooperation with supporters of extremism is not regarded support of extremism, provided that, this cooperation is necessary to prevent the support of extremism by others.
  1. In order to ensure the functioning of the internal market also in the future the European Internal Market Label should make the observance of the rights, principles and freedoms laid down in Article 1(2) transparent, during the entire value chain, especially for consumers.
  2. The Member States allow providers of products and services of the internal market to mark their products and services with the European Internal Market Label, if
    1. the relevant European Internal Market Label is awarded from the competent authority and
    2. the period of validity of the Internal Market Label of two years has not expired.
  3. Each Member State shall take the necessary measures to ensure that for products and services, that do not comply with the provisions laid down in this Directive the Internal Market Label will not be used
    1. anywhere in the Union and
    2. in any of their official languages concerning the labelling and advertising as well as in business papers.
  4. Each Member States shall prohibit all designations, including those designations used in trademarks as well as labelling and advertising practices, which could mislead consumers and users by making them believe that the products and services concerned are produced or performed in accordance with the provisions of this Directive.
  5. The Commission determines specific criteria for the presentation, composition, size and design of the logo in accordance with the proceeding of Article 19(3).
  1. Each Member State shall take the necessary measures to ensure that the European Internal Market Label is only awarded, if the applicants, their suppliers and their subcontractors, respect the rights, principles and freedoms laid down in Article 1(2) through their actual activity.
  2. Each Member State shall take the necessary measures to ensure that a European Internal Market Label is not awarded or one that has already been awarded, is withdrawn immediately in case of a support of extremism.
  3. The Member States may determine, that former supporters of extremism can be awarded a European Internal Market Label after a specific period of time. This period of time must not be less than 10 years after the legally binding decision on deletion from the warning list according to Article 14(2).
  1. The Member States shall provide, that the European Internal Market Label is awarded by competent authorities, which may make use of the expertise from the Radicalisation Awareness Network.
  2. Each Member State shall take the necessary measures to ensure that European Internal Market Labels are only awarded on basis of positive reports of accredited experts and the preparation of the report meets the following requirements:
    1. The preparation of the report shall be in compliance with scientific standards, in particular methods up-to-date and internationally recognised.
    2. The report has to critically deal with all available information about the applicants, their suppliers and their subcontractors. At least all information, available in the national language has to be considered. If, regarding the preparation of the report, the evaluation of the relationships of the applicants, their suppliers or subcontractors to
      1. other Member States is crucial, accredited experts from the concerned Member States need to be involved in the preparation, or
      2. third countries is crucial, the Radicalisation Awareness Network needs to be involved.
    3. During the preparation of the report, information has to be gathered on-site at least once. The number of the on-site surveys has to be confirmed in the report. The reasons for less than five on-site surveys have to be determined in the report.
  1. Each Member State shall take the necessary measures to ensure that the competent authority(ies) train(s) accredited experts for the certification of providers according to Article 6(2). This training must be renewed at least every four years and has to guarantee that the accredited experts have the expertise required by this Directive.
  2. Member States have to communicate an updated list of the accredited experts to the Commission via the national contact point(s) on a monthly basis. The Commission shall publish this list in the internet.
  3. In accordance with the proceeding of Article 19(2) the Commission lays down the technical prerequisites, formats and standards for the transmission of data pursuant to paragraph 2.
  4. Each Member State shall take the necessary measures to ensure that accredited experts
    1. do not examine the same applicants a second consecutive time and
    2. are neither intimidated nor threatened nor assaulted nor have their property damaged due to their activity.
Each Member State shall take the necessary measures to ensure that providers of products and serviced, awarded a valid European Internal Market Label, are not registered in the warning list according to Article 13.
  1. Each Member State shall take the necessary measures to ensure that the competent authorities, take the measures to monitor and control whether the obligations according to this chapter are met.
  2. The monitoring, established by the Member States shall ensure that
    1. European Internal Market Labels are not obtained by fraud due to incorrect and incomplete information and
    2. at least one unannounced inspection is carried out during the period of validity of the European Internal Market Label.
  1. Each Member State shall take the necessary measures for containing the support of extremism to ensure that entities obliged to provide publication details according to Article 4(3) permanently provide the following information in the context of their website:
    1. name;
    2. further details on the identification, thus
      1. the date of birth or a national identification number or another identifier of general application for natural persons or
      2. a national identification number or another identifier of general application in all other cases;
    3. address, thus
      1. the address of the main residence with regard to natural persons or
      2. the address, where the body is established, in all other cases;
    4. personalised Guarantee Statement according to Annex I;
    5. information about the beneficial owner according to paragraph 3.
  2. Each Member State shall take the necessary measures to ensure that the entities obliged to provide publication details according to Article 4(3) allow for a simple notification of supporters of extremism by linking to
    1. the competent authority as well as
    2. the Radicalisation Awareness Network.
  3. Each Member State shall take the necessary measures for containing the support of extremism to ensure that all legal persons and other institutions, in particular companies and non-profit organisations, that have a postal address in the territory of the European Union, disclose their financial structure by giving all information according to points (a) to (c) of paragraph 1 about the beneficial owners according to Article 3(6) of the Directive (EU) 2015/849, until all beneficial owners can be traced back to natural persons. The Member States shall provide that this information is also given for all legal persons and other institutions, in particular companies and nonprofit organisations with a registered office in a third country.
  4. Each Member State shall take the necessary measures to ensure that the information given according to paragraphs 1 to 3 is reviewed at least every 14 days to make sure that it is up-to-date and gets updated if necessary.
  5. The Commission has the power to adopt delegated acts according to Article 18 to modify the Guarantee Statement laid down in Annex I, if current developments show, that the support of extremism attacks other rights, principles and freedoms laid down in Article 1(2), but not covered by Annex I.
  1. The Commission has to keep a warning list, in which
    1. supporters of extremism as well as
    2. entities obliged to provide publication details according to Article 4(3), who did not entirely fulfil their obligation according to Article 12
    are registered.
  2. The warning list has to contain at least:
    1. information according to Article 12(1) except the Guarantee Statement according to Article 12(1)(d);
    2. the reason for registration with the warning list;
    3. the annual aggregated income of the persons and bodies registered according to paragraph 1 – if available – from the date of taking up their activity, including at least
      1. the amounts transferred as well as
      2. the information about the payer of transfers of funds according to Article 4(1) of the Regulation (EU) 2015/847
      in an aggregated and unordered form, so that the annual transfers of funds at least of the three biggest financers and all financers, who transferred more than 100 000 EUR per year to the supporters of extremism, can be retrieved from the warning list;
    4. the competent authority, including at least
      1. its geographical address as well as
      2. the information, which allow to immediately get in contact and to communicate directly and efficiently with the authority, including its email address.
  3. As soon as the persons according to point (b) of paragraph 1 entirely fulfil their extended imprint obligation according to Article 12, their data shall be deleted from the warning list. Each Member State shall take the necessary measures to ensure that in these cases, the competent authorities immediately request the deletion from the warning list from the Commission.
  4. Each Member State shall take the necessary measures to ensure that the data according to paragraph 2 are transferred to the Commission on a daily basis. For this purpose, each Member State shall provide among others, that the necessary data of
    1. the competent authorities and
    2. the courts, seized in respect of matters of his Directive
    are transferred to the Commission by the national contact points.
  5. In accordance with the proceeding of Article 19(2) the Commission lays down the technical prerequisites, formats and standards for the transmission of data pursuant to the paragraphs 2 to 4.
  6. The warning list shall be published on the internet in a generally accessible way.
  1. Each Member State shall take the necessary measures to ensure that persons and bodies are only registered with the warning list, if
    1. a due process, in particular regarding the requirements of Article 6 of the European Convention on the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, was conducted and
    2. during this due process, the meeting of the requirements according to Article 13(1) was confirmed.
  2. Each Member State shall take the necessary measures to ensure that deletions from the warning list only take place, after having confirmed in a due process according to paragraph 1, that the requirements of Article 13(1) are no longer met.
  3. Member States may allow for joint procedures regarding Article 13(1)(b) provided that the same entities obliged to provide publication details are involved.
  1. Each Member State shall take the necessary measures to ensure that the refusal by employees to support extremism, is not regarded a breach of duties and does not result in discrimination of the concerned employees.
  2. Each Member State shall take the necessary measures to ensure that employees, who are requested to support extremism have the right
    1. to terminate their employment contract with immediate effect and
    2. to claim compensation amounting to at least twelve monthly wages.
  3. Furthermore, each Member State shall take the necessary measures to ensure that employers are allowed to terminate employment contracts with supporters of extremism at any time with immediate effect and the effect, that single payments, rewards, severance payments or other benefits, which are usually granted at the termination of such contracts and are not dependent upon the performance, need not to be granted in these cases.
  1. The Member States shall ensure that any person who has suffered material or nonmaterial damage as a result of an infringement of this Directive by a supporter of extremism shall have the right to receive compensation from the supporter of extremism. In particular, the Member States shall ensure that the right to compensation is granted against supporters of extremism:
    1. at least in the amount of four median annual salaries of the particular Member State to everyone, who
      1. is affected in exercising her or his Citizens’ rights and Justice according to the Charter, especially pursuant to Article 4(5)(g) of this Directive in arbitration proceedings by the aforementioned supporters of extremism or
      2. is intimidated, threatened, assaulted or has her or his property damaged by criminal offences, due to being part of a group according to Article 4(5)(a) of this Directive by the aforementioned supporters of extremism or
      3. is intimidated, threatened, assaulted or has her or his property damaged by criminal offences, due to her or his activity as an accredited expert;
    2. at least in the amount of four median annual salaries of the particular Member State to everyone, who, as a child or partner of the aforementioned supporters of extremism, was not able to complete her or his desired education, because of the support of extremism, in particular according to Article 4(5)(m);
    3. at least in the amount of four median annual salaries of the particular Member State to everyone, who, as a child or partner of the aforementioned supporters of extremism, was not able to take a job, because of the support of extremism, in particular according to Article 4(5)(n);
    4. at least in the amount of four median annual salaries of the particular Member State to everyone, who, as a child of the aforementioned supporters of extremism, was affected in her or his rights according to Article 4(5)(n) after he or she came of age, because of the support of extremism, in particular according to Article 4(5)(n);
    5. at least in the amount of four median annual salaries of the particular Member State to everyone, who has been invited, instigated or coerced to support extremism by the aforementioned supporters of extremism according to Article 4(5)(s), whereas persons, that took part in terrorist acts or in actions abroad as foreign combatants have to complete measures of awareness-raising, integration, prevention and education with a total of at least 1.800 hours.
  2. Each Member State shall take the necessary measures to ensure that supporters of extremism are exempt from liability according to paragraph 1, if they can prove, that in any way they are not responsible for the event giving rise to the damage.
  3. Each Member State shall take, when the damage has been caused by more than one supporter of extremism according to paragraph 1, the necessary measures to ensure effective compensation for the injured persons, by rendering each involved supporter of extremism liable for the entire damage.
  4. Each Member State shall take the necessary measures to ensure that supporters of extremism, who paid the entire compensation for the damage suffered according to paragraph 3, are entitled to claim back from the other supporters of extremism involved in the same damage that part of the compensation corresponding to their part of responsibility for the damage.
  5. Each Member States shall take such measures as are necessary, in accordance with their national judicial systems, to ensure that, persons who consider themselves infringed according to paragraph 1 and establish, before a court or another competent authority, facts from which the existence of an infringement according to paragraph 1 may be presumed, it shall be for the respondent to prove that there has been no breach of this Directive.
  6. Each Member States shall take the necessary measures to ensure that the protection of persons, who are authorised to institute proceedings according to paragraph 1, is also applicable to facts, that have occurred before the entry into force of this Directive.
  1. Member States shall provide for effective, proportionate and dissuasive penalties for infringements of this Directive.
  2. Member States shall ensure, that when deciding whether to impose an administrative fine and deciding on the amount of the administrative fine in each individual case due regard shall be given to the following:
    1. the nature, gravity and duration of the infringement taking into account the nature scope or purpose of the infringement concerned as well as the number of individuals affected by the infringement and the level of damage suffered by them;
    2. any action taken by the supporter of extremism to mitigate the damage suffered by the concerned individuals;
    3. the degree of responsibility of the supporter of extremism;
    4. any relevant previous infringements by the supporter of extremism;
    5. the degree of cooperation with the competent authority, in order to remedy the infringement and mitigate the possible adverse effects of the infringement;
    6. the manner in which the infringement became known to the competent authority, in particular whether, and if so to what extent, the supporter of extremism notified the infringement;
    7. the level of influence and in particular of the financial support from third countries, that disregard the rights, principals and freedoms laid down in Article 1(2);
    8. any other aggravating or mitigating factor applicable to the circumstances of the case, such as financial benefits gained, or losses avoided, directly or indirectly, from the infringement.
  3. Member states shall ensure that infringements of the following provisions shall, in accordance with paragraph 2, be subject to administrative fines up to 2 000 000 EUR:
    1. the use of European Internal Market Labels contrary to the provisions of this Directive, in particular Article 6;
    2. obtaining the European Internal Market Label by fraud within the meaning of Article 11(2)(a);
    3. disregard of the extended imprint obligation according to Article 12.
  4. The support of extremism according to Article 4(5) shall, in accordance with paragraph 2, be subject to administrative fines up to 20 000 000 EUR or ten times the amount of the investment for the support of extremism from the supporter of extremism, whichever is higher.
  5. Furthermore, the Member States ensure that confiscation and submission of objects or assets used to support extremism according Article 4(5), can be enacted.
  1. The power to adopt delegated acts is conferred on the Commission subject to the conditions laid down in this Article.
  2. The delegation of power referred to in Article 12(5) shall be conferred on the Commission for an indeterminate period of time from the date according to Article 23.
  3. The delegation of power referred to in Article 12(5) may be revoked at any time by the European Parliament or by the Council. A decision of revocation shall put an end to the delegation of power specified in that decision. It shall take effect the day following that of its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union or at a later date specified therein. It shall not affect the validity of any delegated acts already in force.
  4. As soon as it adopts a delegated act, the Commission shall notify it simultaneously to the European Parliament and to the Council.
  5. A delegated act adopted pursuant to Article 12(5) shall enter into force only if no objection has been expressed by either the European Parliament or the Council within a period of three months of notification of that act to the European Parliament and the Council or if, before the expiry of that period, the European Parliament and the Council have both informed the Commission that they will not object. That period shall be extended by three months at the initiative of the European Parliament or of the Council.
  1. For the adoption of implementing acts, the Commission shall be assisted by a committee. That committee shall be a committee within the meaning of Regulation (EU) No 182/2011.
  2. Where reference is made to this paragraph, Article 4 of Regulation (EU) No 182/2011 shall apply.
  3. Where reference is made to this paragraph, Article 5 of Regulation (EU) No 182/2011 shall apply.
  1. By the fourth anniversary after entry into force according to Article 23 and every four years thereafter, the Commission shall submit a report on the evaluation and review of this Directive to the European Parliament and to the Council. The reports shall be made public.
  2. In the context of the evaluations and reviews referred to in paragraph 1, the Commission shall examine, in particular, the application and functioning of:
    1. Article 4(5) regarding the definition of support of extremism,
    2. Articles 6 to 11 concerning the European Internal Market Label,
    3. Article 13 concerning the warning list as well as
    4. Article 16 concerning the liability and the right to compensation.
  3. For the purpose of paragraph 1, the Commission may request information from Member States and the national contact points.
  4. In carrying out the evaluations and reviews referred to in paragraphs 1 and 2, the Commission shall take into account the positions and findings of the European Parliament, of the Council, and of other relevant bodies or sources.
  5. The Commission shall, if necessary, submit appropriate proposals to amend this Directive, in particular taking into account developments in the area of extremism and their economic impacts, especially regarding the internal market.
The Commission shall, if appropriate, submit legislative proposals with a view to amending other Union legal acts on the prevention of the support of extremism, in order to ensure a uniform and consistent strategy
  1. against the negative effects of extremism for the internal market and
  2. for ensuring the functioning of the internal market also in the future.
  1. Member States shall set the necessary laws and administrative provision into force to comply with the provisions of this Directive by [1st July 2018]. They shall forthwith inform the Commission thereof.
  2. When Member States adopt measures referred to in paragraph 1, they shall contain a reference to this Directive or shall be accompanied by such reference on the occasion of their official publication. Member States shall determine how such reference is to be made.
  3. Member States shall communicate to the Commission the text of the main provisions of national law which they adopt in the field covered by this Directive.
This Directive shall enter into force on the twentieth day following that of its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.
This Directive is addressed to the Member States.
The Guarantee Statement according to Article 12 is as follows, whereas the boxes, marked with ‘[name of the entity obliged to provide publication details according to Article 4(3)]’ shall be replaced by the name of the entity obliged to provide publication details according to Article 4(3): ‘[Name of the entity obliged to provide publication details according to Article 4(3)] guarantees to reject any kind of extremism and reports without undue delay any kind of support of extremism according to Article 4(5) of the Directive [xxxxxx], as soon as [name of the entity obliged to provide publication details according to Article 4(3)] is aware of it, because [name of the entity obliged to provide publication details according to Article 4(3)] is convinced that
  • women and men are equally dignified, equivalent and equal;
  • all religions, as especially the Christian, the Jewish and the Muslim religion are equally dignified, equivalent and equal;
  • people, whatever their faith is as well as people of no religious persuasion are equally dignified, equivalent and equal;
  • people, whatever their sexual orientation is, thus in particular heterosexual, homosexual and transsexual people are equally dignified, equivalent and equal;
  • physical punishment, as in particular the death penalty, is neither up to date nor compatible with European values, to which [name of the entity obliged to provide publication details according to Article 4(3)] explicitly commits herself/himself/itself;
  • man-made law takes precedence over self-created, handed down or discovered contents, like the so called “Divine Right” or the “Natural Law”;
  • state authorities have and should have priority over, in particular self-created, institutions that are not based on man-made law.’